Ideas about polite behaviour differ from one culture to another.Some societies, such as America and
Australia,for example, are mobile very open. People
here change jobs move house quite often. As a m result, they have a lot of relationships that often last only ma short time, they need to get to know people quickly. So it's normal to have friendly conversations with people that they have just met, you can talk about things that other cultures would regard as
On the other hand, there are more crowded less
mobile societies where long-term relationships are more important. A Malaysian or Mexican business person, for example,will want to get to know you very well before he or she feels happy to start business. But when you do get to know each other, the relationship becomes much deeper than it would in a mobile society.
To Americans, both Europeans Asians seem cool formal at first. On the other hand, as a passenger from a less mobile society puts it, it's no fun spending several hours next to a stranger who wants to tell you all about his or her life asks you all sorts of
questions that you don't want to answer.
Cross-cultural differences aren't just a problem for travelers, but also for people in daily life. Some societies have " universalist'' cultures. These societies strongly respect rules, they treat every person situation in basically the same way. "Particularist" ( 强调特性的)societies also have rules, but they are less important than the society's unwritten ideas about what is right or wrong for a particular situation or a particular person. So the normal rules are changed to fit the needs of the situation or the importance of the person.
48. What can be learned from Paragraph 1?
A. People from a mobile society dislike talking about
B. Short-term relationships are common in a mobile
C. Americans tend to make more friends than people
from other cultures.
D. It is difficult for Americans Australians to
communicate with strangers.
49. Who do Malaysians prefer to start business with according to the passage?
A. Those who talk a lot about themselves.
B. Those who they know well enough.
C. Those who enjoy talking with strangers.
D. Those who want to do business with them.
50. Which of the following is true about the rules in "particularist" societies?
A. They change to fit different situations.
B. People respect obey them completely.
C. They don't exist.
D. No one obeys them.
51. What is the main idea of this passage?
A. Polite behaviour varies with different cultures.
B. Less mobile societies have fewer rules.
C. People from mobile societies are more polite.
D. Cultural differences are important.
Claude-Oscar Monet ( 1840 -- 1926 ) was a French
artist a leading member of the Impressionist group of painters. Born in Paris, Monet spent his childhood in Le Havre. There he met a local artist, Eugene Boudin. Who encouraged him to become a landscape painter.
In 1859, Monet went to Paris to study at the
Academie Suisse. Between 1860 1862, Monet served in the army in Algeria ( 阿尔及利亚 ). He returned to Paris where he met most of the major artists of the era. In 1870, Monet married Camille Doncieux. To escape the Franco-Prnssian war,they moved to London Back to
France, they settled at Argenteuil, a boating centre on the Seine (塞纳河 ) which drew many other Impressionist painters. Working from nature was a particular symbol of the Impressionist movement, one that Monet valued, reflecting in his paintings the ever-changing impact of light weather conditions.
In 1872,he visited Le Havre where he painted "An Impression,Sunrise". When exhibited in 1874, part of its title was used by a critic to label the whole movement "Impressionism".
Monet's wife died in 1879,he set up home with
Alice Hoschede, the wife of one of his most important
sponsors. During the 1880s, Monet traveled through France painting a variety of landscapes. He gradually
became better known for the last 30 years of his life he was regarded as the greatest of the Impressionists.
From 1890 he began to paint a series (系列 ) of
pictures of one subject, including "Haystacks" "Rouen
Cathedral" "Waterlilies". The latter were painted in the fine garden Monet created at his house at Giverny, where he lived from 1883 on. He painted them over and
over again,most significantly in a series especially for a museum in Paris.
52. Monet was introduced to art
A. by an artist in his childhood
B. by his father in Le Havre
C. during his short stay in Algeria
D. during his visit to Paris
53. Which of the following is true according to the
A. Impressionism was born in London.
B. Monet was one of the sponsors of Impression
C. Argenteuil was the birthplace of many impressionists
D. Impressionist paintings are mainly based on nature
54. What is said about the painting "An Impression,
A. It established Monet's fame as an artist for the
B. It invited a lot of strong criticism from the public.
C. It was painted by Monet Eugene Boudin.
D. It was the origin of the name "Impressionism".
55. What do we know about Monet's life since 18907
A. He painted only for a museum in Paris.
B. He devoted himself to traveling overseas.
C. He was influenced by Alice in his painting style.
D. He focused on paintings of a particular theme.
V. Daffy Conversation(15 points)
Directions:Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below complete the following dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Lisa:Well, honey, how did you like the opera?
Henry 56 ?
Lisa: Of course.
Henry:To tell the truth, I was bored to death. What a
ridiculous art form! 57
Lisa:Hum! 58 ? It was beautiful. you just saw
one of my favourite operas.
Henry: 59 ,dear. I know you like opera, but it just
isn't for me. I'd rather read a novel or watch a movie.
Lisa=But you don't know how to appreciate opera.60
Henry=OK,what you're saying may be true.
Ⅳ. Writing(25 points)
Directions: For this part, you are supposed to write an essay in English in 100～120 words based on the following information. Remember to write it clearly.
史博物馆(the Museum of History)。
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